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UK referendum EU: All you need to know

  • Author:Sofia
  • Source:www.eswaychina.com
  • Release on :2016-06-22

What is a referendum?

A referendum is basically a vote in which all (or almost all) of voting age can participate, usually giving a "yes" or "no" answer to a question. Whichever side gets more than half of all votes cast is considered to have won.

Why a referendum to be held?

Prime Minister David Cameron has promised to hold one if he won the general election of 2015 in response to growing calls from his own Conservative MPs and the Party of the UK Independence (UKIP), who argued that Britain had no had a say, since 1975, when voted to stay in the EU referendum. The EU has changed a lot since then, gaining more control over our daily lives, they argued. Mr Cameron said: "It's time for the British people to have a say is time to solve this European issue in British politics.".

What is the referendum question?

"If the UK remain a member of the European Union or leave the European Union?" 

What Brexit mean?

It is a word that has become used as a shorthand way of saying that the UK leave the EU - fusion of words britain and Output for Brexit in the same way that an exit from the EU Greece has been dubbed Grexit last.

Who can vote?

British, Irish and Commonwealth citizens over 18 who are resident in the UK, with British citizens resident abroad who were on the electoral register in the UK in the last 15 years. Members of the House of Lords and Commonwealth citizens in Gibraltar will also be eligible, unlike a general election. Citizens of EU countries - apart from Ireland, Malta and Cyprus - will not have a vote.

The main points of the agreement are:

  • Child benefit - Migrant workers will still be able to send payments of benefits children back to their country of origin - Mr Cameron wanted to end this practice - but the payments will be set at a level which reflects the cost of living in the country of origin instead UK full rate
  • welfare payments migrants - Mr Cameron says that cutting the amount of benefits low paid workers from other EU nations can claim when they take a job in the UK will remove one of the reasons people come to Britain in such large numbers (critics say that it will make little difference). He did not get the general ban he wanted. Newcomers will not be able to claim tax credits and other immediate welfare payments - but will gradually gain the right to more benefits the longer you stay at a rate yet to be decided.
  • Keeping the pound - Mr Cameron said that Britain will never join the euro. He assured guarantee that eurozone countries do not discriminate against Britain for having a different currency. All the money spent on British help eurozone nations that get into trouble will also be reimbursed.
  • Protection for the City of London - Safeguards for large financial services industry in Britain to avoid regulations of the euro zone to be imposed on it
  • Running your own business - For the first time, there will be a clear commitment that Britain is not part of a movement toward "ever closer union closely" with other EU member states - one of the fundamental principles of the EU. This will be incorporated into an amendment of the EU Treaty. Cameron also secured a system of "red card" to national parliaments, making it easier for governments to unite to block unwanted legislation. If 55% of EU national parliaments oppose an EU piece of legislation that will be rethought. Critics say it is unclear whether it would ever be used in practice.

Who wants the UK to leave the EU?

The British public are fairly evenly divided, The Party of the UK Independence Party, which won the last European elections, and received nearly four million votes - 13% of those cast - in the general elections of May campaigns for the exit of Britain from the EU. About half of Conservative MPs, including five ministers, several Labour MPs and the DUP are also in favor of leaving.

Why do they want the UK to leave?

They believe that Britain is being held back by the EU, saying that imposes many rules about business and charges billion pounds a year in membership fees for little in return. They also want Britain to regain full control of its borders and reduce the number of people who come here to live and / or work. One of the main principles of EU membership is "free movement", which means you do not need to get a visa to move to another EU country. They also oppose the idea of ​​"union ever closer" and what they see as moves towards the creation of a "United States of Europe".

Who wants the UK to remain in the EU?

Prime Minister David Cameron wants Britain to remain in the EU. Sixteen members of his cabinet also back stay in the Conservative Party promised to be neutral in the campaign -. But the Labour Party, SNP, Plaid Cymru and the Lib Dems are all in favor of staying in US President Barack Obama also wants Great Britain. to stay in the EU, as well as other EU nations like France and Germany. As mentioned above, according to research, the British public seems fairly evenly divided on the issue.

Why do they want the UK to stay?

Those campaign for Britain to remain in the EU say they receive a big boost from membership - that is selling things to other countries easier EU, they argue, the flow of immigrants, many of whom are young and willingness to work, economic growth fuels and helps pay for public services. They also believe status of Britain in the world would be damaged, leaving and that are safer, as part of the 28 nations club rather than go it alone.

What about companies?

Big business - with some exceptions - tend to be in favor of Britain staying in the EU, because it makes it easier for them to move money, people and products throughout the world. BT chairman Sir Mike Rake, a recent CBI president, says "there is no credible alternative" to stay in the EU. But others disagree, as Mr. Bamford, Chairman of JCB, which says that an EU exit would allow the UK to negotiate trade agreements like our country, "instead of being one of the 28 countries." Many small and medium enterprises would receive a cut in bureaucracy and who see petty regulations. The British Chambers of Commerce says 55% of the members back to stay in a reformed EU.

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